ژانویه 27 -1980 سالروز کمک سفیر کانادا به فرار موفق دیپلماتهای امریکا از تهران

سفیر محافظه کاران کانادا جان تیلور در تهران طرح خروج 6 دیپلمات امریکایی پناهنده به سفارت کانادا در تهران را  با خروج از فرودگاه مهرآباد تکمیل کرد . بعدها فیلمی تحریف شده ضد ایرانی آرگو وسط هالیوود در این مورد ساخته شد ونقش سفیر کانادا کم رنگ و نقش ماموران سیا پررنگ نشان داده شد.

اخبار ایرانیان کانادا-Irca News-  جمعه 28 ژانویه 2017- 9 بهمن 95

Canada history: Jan 27,1980- The famous “Canadian Caper” rescue

 

6 دیپلمات امریکایی توانستند از یکی از درهای سفارت امریکا در روز 13 ابان 1980 خارج شده و خود را به سفارت کانادا برسانند.  کن تیلور سفیر کانادا انها را به منزل خود برد . تیلور با ارتباط مستقیم سیا طرح خروج این 6 نفر از فرودگاه مهراباد تهران با پاسپورتهای کانادایی را اجرایی کرد . وی بعدها مدال از ریگان دریافت کرد . کن تیلور سفیر برایان مالرونی در تهران بود . وزیر امور خارجه کانادا نیز باربارا مک دوگا ل بود .  در سال 2012 بن افلک هم کارگردانی و هم بازی قهرمان فیلم ( مامور سیا ) را در فیلم ضد ایران آرگو  ساخت . وی  در جشنواره فیلم تورنتو کن تیلور را دعوت نکرد ولی بعدا  مجبور شد  به نقش کن تیلور اشاره کند .  تیلور در سال 2014 به کمک انجمن فیلم کانادا فیلم مستندی در این مورد ساخت . یک شب هم در شهر ریچموند هیل  کانادا با حضور بازیگران و کن تیلور به نمایش در امد.
وزیر امور خارجه وقت در مجلس پیشنهاد محرمانه ای برای صدور ویزای کانادایی برای آمریکایی کرد .   کن تیلور در سن 81 سالگی در نیویورک در سن 81 سالگی درگذشت . تیلور یکی از چند سفیر سابق کانادا د رایران بود که با بسته شدن سفارت کانادا در تهران توسط محافظه کاران ( هارپر ) مخالفت کرد .
ترجمه : سعید سلطانپور – منبع رادیو کانادا

It was January 27, 1980, a Sunday

At 7:35 in the morning, a Swissair jet left Tehran airport with 6 very special passengers on board holding Canadian passports, apparently a Canadian film crew. But they were not Canadians, nor were they a  film crew. They were in fact American diplomatic staff who had been employed at the US Embassy but who had been in hiding and sheltered by Canadian embassy staff.

At the time, Iran was in full-blown Islamic revolution fervour under the strict religious figure, Ayatollah Khomeini. Anti-US sentiment was at a fever pitch, and by extension so to was a general “anti-west” sentiment.

The previous year thousands of angry and chanting students and militants were in the streets. They had turned their anger on the American Embassy in Tehran and broken into the compound subsequently holding American staff hostage for three months (eventually six months) under harsh conditions. It became known as the Iran hostage crisis.

Ken Taylor briefs a Canadian Press reporter on the current conditions in Iran one week before leaving Iran in 1980. Taylor kept six Americans hidden at the Canadian embassy in Tehran and facilitated their escape by getting fake passports and plane tickets for them.
Ken Taylor briefs a Canadian Press reporter on the current conditions in Iran one week before leaving Iran in 1980. Taylor kept six Americans hidden at the Canadian embassy in Tehran and facilitated their escape by getting fake passports and plane tickets for them. © Peter Bregg/Canadian Press

An attempted American rescue ended in a fiery fiasco in the Iranian desert and the deaths of eight members of the group of rescuers. Another subsequent rescue plan also ended in fiasco, but fortunately with no deaths.

“The CIA was a junior partner”Ambassador Ken Taylor

All during that time however, six Americans who had managed to escape the embassy had been hiding out in the home of Canadian diplomat John Sheardown, under the added guidance of Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor.  In doing so, the Canadian diplomats and staff put themselves in a situation of extreme personal risk.

Unlike the popular 2012 film, Argo, the American government had no real understanding or knowledge of what was going on other than from information secretly supplied by Ken Taylor.

As the situation became even more confused and dangerous in Iran, the Canadian government decided it was time to try to smuggle the Americans out. The government passed a special “Order in Council” which allowed Canadian passports to be created and issued to the Americans.

Former Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor in a 2013 interview. The Canadians, including John Sheardown, put themselves and families at great personal risk to harbour the Americans and smuggle them out of Iran
Former Canadian Ambassador Ken Taylor in a 2013 interview. The Canadians, including John Sheardown, put themselves and families at great personal risk to harbour the Americans and smuggle them out of Iran © CBC

 

Again, unlike the popular Hollywood version, CIA agent Mendez actually spent most of the time in Washington and Hollywood, and was only in Tehran for a day and a half. Also thanks to the Canadians, he and another agent along with the six US staff members successfully boarded a Swissair flight to Zurich posing as a film crew.

CBC TV NEWSCAST 1980

When “Argo” was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival, Ken Taylor wasn’t invited even though he was in Toronto at the time.

Taylor did see the film and was diplomatic but not pleased, “The movie’s fun, it’s thrilling, it’s pertinent, it’s timely,” he said. “But look, Canada was not merely standing around watching events take place. The CIA was a junior partner.”

He also expressed concern that many people will accept the Hollywood version as history.

Argo’s director and star Ben Affleck finally yielded to pressure and added a postscript to the film to give a little more credit to the Canadian effort.

In response to the Hollywood version, the National Film Board of Canada made a documentary to set the record straight, called “Our Man in Tehran” A television version was also made in 1981 called “Escape from Tehran” starring Canadian actor Gordon Pinsent.

After returning from Iran, Taylor was appointed as Consul-General in New York City. In 1980, he and his wife were  made Officers in the Order of Canada, and he additionally received the US Congressional Gold Medal.

He later was a Chancellor at the University of Toronto, and still later, senior vice-president at RJR Nabisco.

Ken Taylor’s son reported on October 16, 2015 that his father had died in New York of cancer at age 81

As to the name of the American film “Argo” that apparently might have been taken from the name of the Swissair plane which flew the group out from Tehran. It was

iranian Canada News

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